Ohio, seat (1842) of Summit county, northeastern Ohio, U.S. It lies along the Cuyahoga River, about 40 miles (64 km) south-southeast of Cleveland. Akron is the centre of a metropolitan area that includes the cities of Cuyahoga Falls, Tallmadge, and Stow and several villages. At 1, 081 feet (329 metres) above sea level, it was named for its 'high place' (Greek: akros ) on the watershed between the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes. Laid out in 1825 by Gen. Simon Perkins, commissioner of the Ohio Canal Fund, the town was assured substantial growth by the completion of the Ohio and Erie Canal in 1827 and of the Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal in 1840, linking it with Pittsburgh. Waterpower and transportation supplied by these canals led to Akron's early development as an industrial centre. The abundant water supply and the arrival of the railroads prompted Benjamin F. Goodrich to move a small rubber factory to the site in 1871. This industry rapidly expanded with the advent of the automobile and the demand for rubber tires. Between 1910 and 1920 the city's population tripled to more than 200, 000, and Akron became known as the 'rubber capital of the world' and the international or American headquarters of the far-flung giants of the rubber industry - Firestone, General Tire, Goodrich, and Goodyear; by the late 20th century, however, only Goodyear remained. The city's manufactures are now well diversified and, apart from a wide variety of polymer and plastic products, include farm machinery, automotive parts, toys, power-generating equipment, and chemicals. The city has largely shifted away from a manufacturing economy, however, while the service and trade sectors have grown. In the late 20th century some manufacturing plants and downtown stores were closed, but by the late 1990s several large-scale projects had succeeded in stimulating a revitalization of the downtown area.Goodyear Polymer Center, University of Akron, Ohio. Rick Dikeman The hangar at the city's airport is the site of the Goodyear Wingfoot Lake Airship Base (for airships [blimps]). This hangar is one of the world's largest buildings without interior supports. Akron is an important truck terminal and distribution point between the eastern seaboard and the Midwest.More than 6, 000 acres (2, 400 hectares) in the city are occupied by parks, and surrounding lakes and reservoirs and several golf courses afford recreation facilities; the southern limit of Cuyahoga Valley National Park is just north of the city. The World Series of Golf, played in Akron, is an annual professional tournament. Nearby Derby Downs is the site of the annual All-American Soap Box Derby for homemade gravity-powered cars. The city's cultural centres include the Akron Art Museum and the Stan Hywet Hall and Gardens (with antiques dating from the 14th century). The construction of a new convention centre (1994), the National Inventors Hall of Fame (1995), and a new stadium for the minor-league baseball Aeros all contributed to a downtown renaissance in the late 1990s. The University of Akron was founded in 1870 as Buchtel College; the Akron Symphony Orchestra performs in E.J. Thomas Hall on the university campus. Inc. village, 1836; city, 1865. Pop. (2000) 217, 074; Akron Metro Area, 694, 960; (2010) 199, 110; Akron Metro Area, 703, 200. All-American Soap Box Derby, Akron, Ohio, 1953. Stock footage courtesy The WPA Film Library
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"Orthodontics Align Crooked Teeth and Boost Self-esteem
Orthodontics are often necessary to help improve the stability, function and health of an individual's teeth; otherwise, many people would be at higher risk for gum disease, tooth decay and tooth loss because of improper teeth positioning in their mouth, according to an article in the January 2006 issue of AGD Impact, the newsmagazine of the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD).
""Orthodontics can make people feel better about themselves,"" says AGD spokesperson James G. Richeson, Jr., DDS, FAGD. ""Many patients, prior to orthodontics, smile with their mouth closed, because they are self-conscious about their teeth, but after orthodontics, they usually smile naturally, showing off their new look.""
General dentists can assess a child's need for orthodontics or alternative treatments. A dentist usually recommends braces to improve a patient's physical facial appearance. Through orthodontic treatment, problems like crooked or crowded teeth, overbites or underbites, incorrect jaw position and disorders of the jaw joint can be corrected.
Alternative orthodontic treatments have long been available but may not always be as comprehensive as orthodontics. Space maintainers help maintain space for adult teeth and can prevent complications and the need for more orthodontic therapy. Removable computer-generated appliances can treat selective cases in which orthodontics would otherwise be needed, but these appliances also may cost more. Removable appliances that use wires also are available but their use depends on the complexity of the case and what needs to be achieved in the movement of the patient's teeth. A palatal expander is often used in cases where the upper arch isn't spreading as wide as it needs to, says Dr. Richeson, and such an appliance is utilized to expand that arch. The palatal expander is best used while a child is still growing, usually between ages 8 and 10.
""By age 7, a child will have started to get adult molars in place, and the position of these and the primary teeth provide the child's general dentist with a good perspective of the development of the child's dentition and any need for orthodontics,"" explains Dr. Richeson.
Depending on their postgraduate education, some general dentists may provide orthodontic services, or a referral to an orthodontist may be recommended
Benefits of braces:
Improved stability, function and health of teeth
Decreased risk of gum decay, tooth decay and tooth loss
Improved self-esteem for the patient
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Related Statewide Reading Topics: Ohio Orthodontics Topics